An Introduction to the Gospels

Luke was a Syrian born in Antioch and one of the earliest converts to Christianity. Luke, well-educated in classical Greek and noted for his literary talent, wrote his Gospel and a sequel, the Acts of the Apostles , which follows the Gospel of John. Together the two works cover 60 years of the Life and Teachings of Jesus and the early Christian Church. Luke is unique in that he was the only Gentile to compose a New Testament Book. Luke was a physician Colossians and likely accompanied Paul on three of four missionary journeys as described in Acts the “we” passages from Acts to Acts It is possible that the date of composition of Luke’s Gospel was before 70 AD. According to the introduction of Acts, the Gospel of Luke was written first. It is noted that the Acts of the Apostles ends abruptly with St. Paul under house arrest around 62 AD, with no mention of his trial or his subsequent activities; he does not mention the Roman persecution of Christians in the mid 60s, nor the martyrdom of Peter and Paul, the leading figures in Acts. And there is no mention of the destruction of the Temple in 70 AD.

Don Stewart :: When Were the Four Gospels Written?

He begins with the question of its date. Tyson will argue reasons for thinking that the author of canonical gospel also used this primitive version of Luke known to Marcion. So given that there were at least two and probably three versions of Luke in circulation in the second century, arriving at a date for canonical Luke may not be the simplest of tasks. The external references that exist for Acts permit a second century date of origin for this book.

Since Acts is the sequel to Luke’s Gospel, Luke must have been written in the AD 50s, and accordingly, Mark even earlier. Such a dating makes.

March 15, , Vol. Two new articles every two weeks. Bible Question? E-mail us. The evidence, both inspired and uninspired, overwhelmingly indicates Luke the physician, the traveling companion of the apostle Paul, is the author of the third account of the life of Christ. Acts was written as a companion volume to Luke by the same man who penned Luke ; Acts The “we” sections of Acts those parts of the book where the author uses the pronoun “we” of Paul’s company indicate that the author of Acts traveled with Paul Acts ; – ; – Silas does not fit the “we” sections, and there is no evidence Titus wrote the book.

Both Luke and Acts contain technical medical language, and Luke was a physician Colossians

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Acts shows Mark can be dated in the 50s, and the undisputed early dating of other books confirms that the Jesus of the Gospels was not the result of a myth evolving over time. Virtually nothing discovered during that time undermines the Gospel accounts. To the contrary, recent discoveries have given more credibility to the content of the Gospels themselves.

For example, we know the Apostle Paul died during the Neronian persecution of A.

Of course you can’t really date St Luke. If Luke’s gospel relied on Mark and Matthew, then those two gospels were written even earlier.

The third account of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, according to the present common order of listing in the NT canon. The gospel according to Luke has been called the most beautiful book ever written Renan, Les Evangiles , p. In the gospel and its counterpart, Acts, more knowledge is given of the apostles and leaders of the primitive church than is found in any other document.

This author, in fact, wrote more pages of the NT than any other person if, as is commonly assumed, Paul did not write Hebrews. The Gr. Though there are, of course, reflections of Sem. It is a connected treatise by a capable and well-informed person. Whatever the author borrowed from oral or written tradition, he made it his own and cast it in his own style.

That the author had sources is evident.

Historical Context for Luke/John by Unknown

The stated purpose of the two volumes is to provide Theophilus and others like him with certainty—assurance—about earlier instruction they have received Lk To accomplish his purpose, Luke shows that the preaching and teaching of the representatives of the early church are grounded in the preaching and teaching of Jesus, who during his historical ministry Acts — 22 prepared his specially chosen followers and commissioned them to be witnesses to his resurrection and to all else that he did Acts — This history is first of all salvation history.

This salvation history, moreover, is a part of human history.

The Gospel of Luke relates the story of Jesus from his birth to his ascension; while the Acts of Thus, a date between is considered the most appropriate.

Bust of Roman Emperor Domitian r. Wikimedia Commons Luke was likely composed during Domitian’s reign. Written a generation after the death of Jesus ca. E , none of the four gospel writers were eyewitnesses to the ministry of Jesus. Our earliest extant sources of information about Jesus of Nazareth and his teachings remain the letters of the apostle Paul. Mark, Matthew, and Luke are classified together as the Synoptic Gospels or Synoptics, owing to the fact that they share similar content and narrative structure in some cases the same stories appear in all three texts word for word.

Mark, the earliest gospel, was likely written just after the destruction of the second Jerusalem Temple in 70 C. E, and was known by both Matthew and Luke when they undertook the task of producing their own narratives.


Codex Bezae shows comprehensively the differences between the versions which show no core theological significance. The gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles make up a two-outline work which scholars call Luke? The commentary is not named in either niv. The eclipse of the traditional attribution to Luke the niv of Paul has written that an early date for the gospel is when rarely put forward.

Luke says himself in the opening lines of his gospel that he was aware of multiple a rather early date for Matthew, we are looking at at least for Luke.

When the Canon of the New Testament was beginning to take shape, the two books were separated so that all the Gospels could be located at the beginning of the list. The Gospel of Luke relates the story of Jesus from his birth to his ascension; while the Acts of the Apostles tells the story of the early church from the ascension of Jesus to the preaching of the Gospel in Rome by Paul. As with the authors of the other three Gospels, not much is known about Luke.

The Greek of his Gospel is some of the best found in the New Testament, which indicates he was most likely a well-educated person, a Gentile convert to Christianity. These chapters change from the use of the third person ‘they’ to the use of the first person ‘we. Antioch was one of the largest cities in the Roman Empire with a great variety of people. There were Jews and Gentiles as well as rich and poor. This greatly influenced the way Luke constructed his Gospel.

Rather, Luke relied on those who were eyewitnesses. This means that Luke made use of other sources in the preparation of his Gospel. A major source was the Gospel of Mark. Almost sixty-five percent of Mark is found in Luke.

Gospel According to Luke

Sheehan, revised. Comparison with Classical Texts. No one would ever have thought of questioning the integrity of the Gospel texts, but for the fact that they contain a Divine Law of belief and conduct, irksome to the irreligious. Whoever would dismiss the New Testament must logically reject all written sources of ancient history and literature. War B.

Acts is the second of a two-volume work, with part one being the gospel of Luke. In fact, many Biblical scholars often refer to these two texts as a single unit.

Check out Enhanced Editions , our new customizable textbooks. To determine when Acts was written, we need to evaluate the evidence from both Luke and Acts, because the two books were written together, with Luke appearing slightly before Acts. At first glance, it seems that the book of Acts was written around the same time of the last events it describes. The story ends; Luke writes the book.

Because Acts and Luke go together, we need to look at when Luke was written. To determine when Luke was written, the first thing we need to do is evaluate when the other Synoptic Gospels —Matthew and Mark—were written. Such a date fits the time of the persecution by Nero. So if we know roughly when Mark was written, and we know Luke was written after Mark. The question, then, becomes how long after Mark Luke would have been written.

We can find these early and late dates using evidence from Luke and Acts, as well as looking at remarks from the church fathers.

Background of the Gospel of Luke